Prime Minister William Massey’s Reform Party government gave full state backing to defeating the striking unions. of strikers: 35,000 ... 17. In Auckland, however, there was a general strike from 8 to 22 November, involving arbitrationist as well as Red Fed unions. Farmers and rural labourers formed the core of the mounted special constables, who were known derisively as ‘Massey’s Cossacks’. 1913 Paterson Silk Strike > Duration: Feb. 25, 1913 to July 28, 1913 Bicycle race between Jack Dumble and George Piner during the 1913 waterfront strike, McGowan Street, Runanga, West Coast. 20 December 1974, First day of competition at Christchurch Commonwealth Games, Home It began on Wellington's wharves on 22 October 1913 and then spread, by 28th reaching Auckland. WATERFRONT STRIKE OF 1916. Waterfront strike ends Strikers' meeting in Dunedin (Auckland City Libraries, AWNS-19131120-50-1) The Great Strike of 1913, which had begun in late October when Wellington waterside workers stopped work, finally ended when the United Federation of Labour (UFL) conceded defeat. 1934 West Coast Waterfront Strike > Duration: May 9, 1934 to July 17, 1934 > No. November 4, 1913 Indianapolis, IN Streetcar Strike 4 Indianapolis streetcar strike of 1913: The Terminal and Traction Company hired 300 professional strikebreakers from the Pinkerton Agency to operate the streetcars. Bronze / Copper medal awarded during the Auckland Waterfront Strike of 1913 . (No waterside workers = no exports.) This carried over to 1913 when he fought against the striking watersiders. Many of the strike leaders were arrested for sedition, that is, inciting people to disobey rules or laws. The strikers were opposed by the New Zealand Employers’ Federation and the Farmers’ Union. Spectators on sidelines. The 1913 waterfront strike emerged due to the issues over pay and working conditions. The strike began with watersiders’ and miners’ unions. The Great Strike of 1913 was in fact a series of strikes between mid-October 1913 and mid-January 1914. The Watersider’s Strike was the main topic of conversation in Cambridge towards the end of 1913. In the booming years just before WWI, Wellington’s port was the … Between 14,000 and 16,000 workers went on strike, out of a population of just over one million. One of the banners has the quote "If blood be the price of your cursed wealth, good God we have bought it fair". March along Mansfield Street, Newtown, Wellington, during the Waterfront Strike of 1913 by War on the Wharves Crowd gathered in Post Office Square, Wellington, during the 1913 Waterfront Strike by … This site is produced by the History Group of the New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage. By the end of October, 13,000 Wellington watersiders were out on strike and it was spreading. On 17 December the powerful Federated Seamen’s Union, which had been drawn into the strike against its leaders’ wishes, broke ranks by reaching a deal with shipowners to return to work. Historians argue that th 1951 Waterfront Dispute is the biggest industrial confrontation in New Zealand labour history. Nov 1913 Ref 1/2-000186-G Description. of strikers: 35,000 ... 17. Waterfront strike ends. The strike broke out after Wellington watersiders were penalised for stopping work to discuss a grievance by fellow workers. Their motto was "In union there is strength". The specials were a Farmers Army organised by John Cullen, a police commissioner who was also called the previous year by Prime Minister Massey during the Waihi Strike. 1886: June 12 The WWWU had tried to avoid strike initially, but … The Great Strike refers to a near general strike that took place in New Zealand from October 1913 to mid-January 1914. Photograph taken by Sydney Charles Smith. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. The strike wave of October 1913 began with two relatively small disputes: one at a Huntly coal mine, the other on the Wellington waterfront. 1934 West Coast Waterfront Strike > Duration: May 9, 1934 to July 17, 1934 > No. We have 1 biography, 2 articles, related to Waterfront strike ends. I don't agree with everything he says, but Roth's history is the best short overview of … Most of the striking unions were affiliated to the United Federation of Labour, the ‘Red Feds’. It's 100 years since an attempted general strike in New Zealand, so here's an article from Bert Roth on the pinnacle of that dispute, the Auckland general strike of 1913. 20. Meet the NZHistory.net.nz team, Strikers' meeting in Dunedin (Auckland City Libraries, AWNS-19131120-50-1), The defeat of the 1913 strike – The 1913 Great Strike, Elsdon Best as a special constable – A sense of place, John Cullen biography (Te Ara biographies). Between 14,000 and 16,000 workers went on strike, out of a population of just over one million. The key issue of the Great Strike was a power struggle of militant unionists against organised employers and farmers, backed by the government. 'Black Tuesday' – The 1912 Waihi strikeThe defeat of the 1913 strike – The 1913 Great StrikeElsdon Best as a special constable – A sense of place, 'Waterfront strike ends', URL: https://nzhistory.govt.nz/waterfront-strike-ends, (Ministry for Culture and Heritage), updated 20-Dec-2018. In October 1913 there was a 'Great Strike' that affected all of New Zealand. Massey. We have 9 biographies, 8 articles, related to The 1913 Great Strike. A crowd of spectators stand on the side-walk. The 1913 Waterfront Strike is another significant historical event in New Zealand labour history that share many similarity between the 1951 Waterfront Strike. The UFL halted the miners’ strike on the 29th, and most miners – except for the significant number who were blacklisted by employers – returned to work in January 1914. These strikes threatened this country’s political and … He follows this remarkable union from its total shutdown of the waterfront in a 1913 strike to its demise in 1922. ... dockers and waterfront workers, railwaymen, and tram workers. Quantity: 1 b&w original negative(s). The strike wave of October 1913 began with two relatively small disputes: one at a Huntly coal mine, the other on the Wellington waterfront. Cullen was enthusiastic about crushing the militant unionism that was arising among the working class and he … Politics and government Zealand’s waterfront workers, starting with Wellington. 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The rise and fall of Local 8 of the IWW, a predominantly Black but integrated union, is the subject of Peter Cole’s gripping Wobblies on the Waterfront. Wellington at war—the 1913 Strike Spare a thought for Wellington wharfie R. Lloyd, killed on the job in September 1913 when, in the dry, unemotive language of the official record, “a derrick fell on him; no blame attachable to anyone”. Generally the ‘moderate’ unions – those still participating in the arbitration system – refused to join the strike. One of these, the 1913 Waterfront Strike, was a result of growing unionism and industrial action during the early 1900's in New Zealand, and reflected a crucial flash point in New Zealand's labour history. They were later joined by seamen, drivers and builders’ labourers. The strike was the culmination of a number of significant short … Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. The most immediate consequence of the 1913 Waterfront Strike was the recruitment of the specials. These police had to deal with running street fights by large groups of strikers, and were publicly criticised for not acting with enough force. This lead to a series of strikes by miners, waterfront workers, and their supporters between 1912 and 1914, including the Great Strike of 1913. Economic A significant economic cause of the 1913 Waterfront Strike which began in Wellington and spread to other key ports was the ongoing long-term grievance surrounding living standards and working conditions. A general strike in Auckland, which began on 8 November and involved more than 10,000 workers, was called off on the 22nd (except for watersiders, seamen, drivers and tramwaymen). A significant Economic cause of the 1913 Waterfron strike was the poor living standards and working conditions in which workers had to cope with. On 5 November 1913 the special constables marched through Wellington and reopened the wharves. Meet the NZHistory.net.nz team, Class war comes to the workers' paradise 1890-1913. The following is a list of specific strikes (workers refusing to work in an attempt to change their conditions in a particular industry or an individual workplace, or in solidarity with those in another particular workplace) and general strikes (widespread refusal of workers to work in an organized political campaign on a broader national or international level). Longshoremen along the Tacoma waterfront went on strike due to low wages, long hours, and lack of representation. On the 20th the UFL announced that a conference of strikers’ delegates had decided to call off the strike immediately for all workers, except miners. This site is produced by the History Group of the New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Events It was the largest and most disruptive strike in New Zealand's history. They had withdrawn from the country’s arbitration system in favour of direct negotiations with employers, during which they had the right to strike. The bitter two-month struggle had involved up to 16,000 unionists across New Zealand and sparked violent clashes between strikers and mounted ‘special’ police – whom the unionists dubbed ‘Massey’s Cossacks’ after the conservative prime minister, W.F. It was one of New Zealand’s most violent and disruptive industrial confrontations. The IWW (International Workers of the World) believed through direct action they would gain control of the economy. A sea of hats surrounds the gates to the Wellington wharves in the first days of the great waterfront strike of 1913. Shows a group of protesters marching in the vicinity of the gasometer, College Hill, and Victoria Street, Auckland during the 1913 Waterfront Strike. The strike arose out of a culmination of several factors that affected and influenced the watersiders. But on only two occasions, the 1890 Maritime Strike and the 1913 Waterfront Strike, have the military been used in New Zealand in a coercive role during industrial disputes.2 Military intervention had a significant impact on the course of these strikes, particularly in 1913. The strike affected most port towns and coal-mining settlements. The strike began with 420 union members. 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